• Crossroads


Drone footage taken by Harry Rabin, Class of 2019
Looking for a dynamic, diverse, student-centered school environment in which to work? Perhaps a career in progressive education is for you! Crossroads School for Arts & Sciences, a non-profit, independent school, offers a range of professional opportunities, as well as a highly-competitive salary and benefits package for full-time employees. Benefits include medical, dental, vision and life insurance, tuition assistance, a retirement plan, and generous vacation.

Crossroads School does not discriminate in employment on the basis of race, religious creed, color, national origin, ancestry, physical disability, mental disability, medical condition, marital status, sex, gender or gender identity, age, or sexual orientation.

If you are interested in working at Crossroads, please check the job listings below.

Current Openings

List of 12 items.

  • Athletic Trainer (PT)

    Essential Job Functions:
    • Previous experience as an AT at a Secondary school/Middle School a plus.
    • Is able to maintain up to date treatment/ injury logs.
    • Is comfortable administering SCAT5 and ImPact Neurocognitive tests.
    • Is proficient in prophylactic taping a bracing techniques.
    • Is proficient in initiating and modifying PT/Home EX programs for student athletes.
    Additional Responsibilities:
    • Is willing to travel (bus) with our teams off site
    •  Is able to use a personal vehicle to transport Ice/water AT Kit and   emergency supplies
    • Is confident communicating with coaches/parents/school administration/physicians re: student-athlete’s injury status
    • Has flexible hours (primarily in the afternoons 2:30p-7:30p) but is also willing to work some Saturdays and late nights. Possible starts as early as 12pm
    Required Qualifications: (Skills, experience, education/certification, etc.)
    • Certified Athletic Trainer
      • Has strong knowledge of current CIF Concussion Laws and RTL/RTP protocols
      • Maintains a certification in good standing with the BOC 

    Physical Demands:
    • Is able to lift up to 50lbs (injury ice and water coolers) 
    • Able to stand for long periods of time.

    Please submit your resume and cover letter to Ira Smith ismith@xrds.org (Athletic Director) and Joanna Stover MS ATC jstover@xrds.org (Head Athletic Trainer) and click here to apply: Apply
    Thank you!
    Crossroads Athletics
    No phone calls or walk-ins please
  • Advancement Coordinator

    Reporting to the Director of Advancement, the Advancement Coordinator provides administrative support to the Director of Advancement. Additionally, the Advancement Coordinator will work with the Director in managing the Advancement office budget and will provide general office management support for all functions of the Advancement Office.
    Departmental Support Responsibilities
    • Provide administrative support for the Director of Advancement, including calendar management, scheduling appointments, correspondence and reconciling expenses.
    • Manage the Advancement budget, including recording and balancing all itemized purchases, check requests, credit card purchases and payments.
    • Working with the Director of Communications, Events Coordinator and Major Gifts Manager, support the Worlds Unimagined Capital Campaign by facilitating the creation, production and/or acquisition of campaign collateral materials, including stationery and donor gifts.
    • Provide administrative support to advancement team as needed, including oversight of departmental file systems, Google Drive and the Advancement calendar.
    • During spring event season, assist with auction/raffle winner item redemption and other general support.
    • Provide event support as needed, i.e. assist with check-in at events (possible evenings or weekends) and event setup or cleanup
    • Serve on the Safety Committee, End-of-Year Employee Party Committee and other school-wide committees as needed.
    • Coordinate conference logistics for advancement team members.
    Office Management Responsibilities
    • Sits at front desk, greets and directs visitors and alerts colleagues to their arrival, signs forpackages and performs other front-desk responsibilities as needed.
    • Obtains and distributes incoming mail twice daily; assists with office mailings, packages, messenger service, FedEx, etc.
    • Acts as Advancement liaison for any equipment or building maintenance needs including but not limited to Facilities or IS support, i.e. submitting work requests,trouble tickets and copy machine maintenance and repair calls.
    • Orders office supplies for office and team, including copier paper and stationery, keeping track of inventory and personal preferences.
    • Manages the kitchen, keeping staples in stock (coffee, tea, etc.); sets up and cleans up department meetings.
    • Orders food for department meetings and organizes birthday celebrations and any other special occasions.
    • Sends condolences and flowers to community members.
    • BA degree and/or at least 5 years’ experience in an executive support role
    • Strong oral and written communication skills
    • Proficiency in Outlook (Office Suite), Word, Excel, and PowerPoint. Knowledge of Raiser’s Edge software a plus
    • Ability to prioritize and handle multiple projects and tasks
    • Excellent attention to detail and follow through
    • Well-developed organizational skills
    • Ability to work well with others and model professional behavior
    • Demonstrates discretion and good judgement
    • Ability to work both independently and in a team environment
    • Exhibits a can-do attitude and is a self-starter
    • Demonstrates willingness to step in (without being asked)
    • Sense of humor                                                                 
    Please submit cover letter, resume and completed employment application (available at www.xrds.org/employment) to the Director of Advancement Colleen Bartlett  at resumes@xrds.org and all interested applicants must also apply online through this linkApply
     No phone calls or walk-ins please
  • Archivist- Part time

    Status: Part Time 
    Division/Dept.: Advancement
    Reports to: Director of Alumni Relations

    Position Overview
    This position is responsible for the general oversight of the Crossroads School archives, which are comprised of a wide range of materials in all media. The particular focus of the job for the next two years will be to search, catalogue and organize the archives in preparation for the school’s 50th anniversary in 2021. On a limited-hours basis, the archivist will also make the Herbert Zipper Archives available for the purposes of school administration, historic research, and alumni outreach activities. Hours are typically Monday-Friday 9:00-1:00pm, although later hours and some weekends may be required.

    Job Functions
    1. Complete review and inventory of all school materials as well as develop a plan for documentation
    2. Reaffirm or design an archival policies and procedures plan, to address the Crossroads archives in the following areas:
    • sorting, processing, cataloging, storing, and preservation;
    • providing access to the Zipper archives as a physical and digital resource for students, teachers, and outside scholars and researchers;
    • fulfilling archival requests from faculty and staff for pictures and other documents.
    1. Other duties as required of part-time staff
    Required Experience, Education, Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities
    • Bachelor’s degree plus 2-4 years experience or MLIS degree with Archives and Records emphasis and 2 years of experience;
    • Must have advanced digital photography, Photoshop and scanning skills;
    • Strong understanding of Society of American Archivists (SAA) conservation principles, Museum Archives Guidelines (MAG), and collection management software such as PastPerfect;
    • Ability to communicate and collaborate effectively;
    • Demonstrated experience in collections database/digitization planning and implementation;
    • Experience in curation and exhibition development;
    • Experience working with grades 6-12 in an independent school setting preferred and community outreach in the form of lectures, archives tours, exhibitions, research, and writing.
    Physical Demands
    • Ability to lift/carry/push/pull 15 pounds
    • Climb stairs and ladders
    • Sit for extended periods
    Terms and Conditions
    • 20 hours per week

    Please submit your resume and cover letter to Jenn Gerber at: jgerber@xrds.org  (Director of Alumni Relations) and click here to apply: Apply
  • Building Maintenance Engineer

    Status:  Full Time
    Division/Dept: Facilities
    Reports to:Plant Manager 
    Location: 21st Street and/or Norton

    Position Overview:

    A Building Maintenance Engineer must possess a variety of skills encompassing most of the construction trades. Maintenance workers might paint the lobby one day, fix a broken garbage disposal the next morning and replace a faucet later in the day. Building maintenance workers handle repairs that require basic skills as an electrician, carpenter, plumber, mechanic, painter, HVAC technician and roofer. However, building maintenance workers must always remain aware of their limitations and request the services of a licensed or other team members when the worker’s lack of expertise or local ordinances require it.
    Essential Job Functions:
    • Maintain a safe environment for staff, students, and visitors.
    • Conduct regular inspections to determine areas that need attention.
    • Perform tasks to make necessary repairs discovered during inspections.
    • Schedule with other departments when planned repairs are to be done.
    • Regularly check and update work order status.
    • Repair and maintain plumbing, electrical, mechanical, and general building functions.
    • Perform regularly scheduled preventative maintenance as directed from preventive maintenance work orders.
    • Perform maintenance tasks as requested by assigned work orders.
    • Maintain shop tools in good working order. If tools need to be replaced or sent out for repairs inform supervisor.
    Non-essential (Additional) Job Functions:
    • Assembly of new equipment, desks, chairs, and other miscellaneous items as needed.
    • Expected to assist custodial staff with picking up trash or cleaning areas when such a need arises.
    • Clean up after themselves with making repairs.
    Required Experience, Education, Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities:
    • General knowledge and troubleshooting skills in electrical, plumbing, HVAC, carpentry, painting, and general building maintenance.
    • Must have good communication skills.
    • High school diploma or general education degree.
    • Solar experience a plus
    • HVAC experience a plus
    • Deals with others in a straightforward and honest manner.
    • Is accountable for his/her own actions.
    • Maintains confidentiality per School policy and supports School’s values.
    • Conveys accurately both good and bad news to supervisor. 
    • Meets commitments; works independently.
    • Accepts accountability, handles change, and sets personal standards.
    • Stays focused under pressure, and meets attendance/punctuality requirements.
    Physical Demands:
    • Employee is frequently required to operate machinery, repetitively grasp objects simply and firmly, and use fine manipulation dexterity.
    • Employee must occasionally sit, stand, walk, squat/kneel, crawl, bend/stoop, twist, and turn.
    • Push/pull, flex/extend/rotate neck and wrists, rotate forearms, reach vertically and horizontally.
    • Must be able to lift and carry up to 75 lbs.
    • Personal protection equipment includes but not to be limited to:  ear/eye/skin protection, protective footwear and any other specific need to a job safety requirement.
    • Must use both feet together, separately and repetitively to operate equipment.          
    • Specific vision abilities include close vision, distance vision, peripheral vision and depth perception.
    • Must be able to listen and follow instructions.

    No phone calls or walk-ins please

    All interested applicants please send an employment and resume to Human Resources at  Resumes@xrds.org.
  • Custodian

    Position: Part Time
    5:00 PM to 10:00 PM (Mon – Fri)
    Job brief
    We are looking for a responsible custodian to maintain and protect our facilities. The ideal candidate will be experienced in a custodian role focused on building upkeep. 
    • Ensure spaces are prepared for the next day by taking out trash, tidying furniture and dusting surfaces
    • Sweep and mop floors and vacuum carpets
    • Wash and sanitize toilets, sinks and showers and restock disposables (e.g. hand soap and toilet paper)
    • Wipe mirrors and windows
    • Utilize insecticides to prevent infestation by dangerous pests
    • Report major damages or repairs
    • Secure facilities after operating hours by locking doors, closing windows and setting up the alarm
    • Undertake occasional custodial and janitorial tasks (watering sidewalks and entrances, lifting heavy items, moving chairs etc.)
    • Proven experience as custodian, janitor or in a similar role
    • Knowledge of use and maintenance of industrial cleaning equipment and appliances
    • High school diploma is preferred
    • Must be able to pass pre-employment testing, which includes fingerprint, federal & state background checks, reference checks, and TB screening
    • Candidates must possess the skills to execute physical tasks assigned
    All interested applicants must fill out employment application and attach a resume. Please scan, fax, or email completed job application form to the following:

    Paul Larson
    Custodial/Facilities Manager
    Fax: (310)586-0070
    1714 21st Street
  • Director of Elementary Admission

    Crossroads School is an independent, K-12, co-educational school of nearly 1,200 students, located in the beach city of Santa Monica, CA. Crossroads was founded in 1971 on five core commitments: to academic excellence; to the arts; to the greater community; to a student body of social, racial, and economic diversity; and to the development of each student’s physical well-being and full human potential.
    Crossroads has been recognized for decades as an innovative force in education and for the public good. Its progressive philosophy, strong community and culture, emphasis on diversity and inclusion (47% of students and 32% of faculty identify as people of color), and a belief that all domains of school life (arts, athletics, service, etc.) are equally integral to a child’s development and well-being have made it a top choice for families in Los Angeles. Crossroads is a school on the move: current initiatives include the newly launched and fully endowed Equity & Justice Institute, a new strategic plan, and a capital campaign to construct a performing arts complex on the 21st Street campus.
    Crossroads has transitioned over the last four years to a strategic enrollment management model. Reporting to the Director of Enrollment Management, the Director of Elementary Admission is responsible for all aspects of admission: outreach, recruitment, assessment of applicants, and onboarding of new families. Working closely with the Director of Enrollment Management, the Director of Elementary Admission oversees all day-to-day operations and admissions programs for approximately 300 to 350 K-5 applicants. This position serves as the public face of admissions, promoting the Crossroads philosophy and approach with internal and external constituencies, including volunteers, students, applicant families, faculty and staff, sending schools, and other referring organizations.
    Crossroads School is a high-touch, high volume institution, which requires the Admissions Office to maintain a visible profile on campus and a responsive, client-centered approach. The Director works closely in partnership with the Elementary School administration and faculty in many aspects of the admissions process. The Director supervises an Assistant Director of Admissions and an Admissions Assistant and is part of a team of nine professionals on two campuses.
    Job Description
    Director of Elementary Admission Major Responsibilities
    • Collaborate with the Director of Enrollment Management on recruitment and admissions strategy
    • Responsible for the planning and implementation of all aspects of the Elementary School admissions process
    • Review and assess all 300+ applicants in grades K-5 and train administrators and faculty on application reading
    • Manage the Sibling/Employee/Legacy admission program as an important but not sole priority of the school
    • Chair the Elementary School Admissions Committee
    • Serve as the lead interviewer of applicant Parent/Guardians and oversee the efficacy of the interview program
    • Actively communicate with preschool heads as well as visiting feeder schools and potential new feeder schools
    • Lead liaison with diversity access organizations and other outreach initiatives for grades K-5
    • Partners with the Elementary School Administration in planning and implementing observations, events, and new family onboarding to Crossroads
    • Develop and maintain a positive rapport with the Elementary School by visiting Elementary classrooms regularly, attending Faculty/Staff meetings, and serving on committees
    • Represent Crossroads School’s mission, programs, curriculum and philosophy knowledgably and effectively to prospective families
    Required Experience, Education, Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities
    • BA required, Masters preferred
    • Minimum 5+ years experience and demonstrated growth and advancement in the admission profession
    • Professional experience in early childhood development and/or elementary school curricula
    • Strong cultural competency skills and track record of successfully working with families from diverse backgrounds
    • Exemplary skills in team building, public speaking, and complex constituent and project management
    • Experience with the assessment and evaluation of young children
    • Proficiency in word processing, MS Office, Google Docs, and database management
    • A friendly, gracious, professional manner and outlook
    • Strong written and oral communication skills
    • Impeccable ethics and a demonstrated commitment to confidentiality
    • Fluency in Spanish or a language other than English is preferred
    Crossroads School has retained The Baker Group, the premier independent school enrollment management consulting firm, to assist in the recruitment of its next Director of Elementary Admission. Interested candidates are asked to submit, in an electronic file, their resume, a one to two-page cover letter, and names and contact information of three references, directed to Christine H. Baker at: cbaker@thebakergrp.com. Please submit materials by November 15, 2018.
  • Head Nurse & Coordinator FT

    Position Overview: (summary of main purpose of the job)

    Provide nursing care for students on both the ES and MS/US campuses according to best practices; utilize the nursing process for both acute and chronic conditions. Recruit and coordinate the scheduling of additional part time and temporary nursing personnel as needed.
    Essential Job Functions:
    • Administers first aid to students and staff for minor injuries as needed.
    • Monitor compliance and completion of student health forms and document student visits/treatment notes through Magnus Health and other health electronic medical record systems. Maintain these records.
    • Prepare the Student Confidential Medical Report at the beginning of the school year to share with all pertinent faculty and staff; update report as needed throughout the school year.
    • Collect and monitor Student Medication Authorization Forms and maintain medication storage in the Nurses’ office. Administer medications to students according to standing orders, and over-the-counter medications as needed.
    • Collect and maintain student immunization records, ensuring compliance with California Laws for School Entry, and ensuring appropriate exclusion for infectious illnesses. 
    • Compose and update parent letters regarding lice and any communicable diseases. 
    • Collaborate with faculty to plan for field trips, including preparation of first aid bags and medication logs; prepare health alerts as needed.
    • Provide First Aid and BBP, UAP, Seizure and Diabetic management training to various staff groups.  
    • Provide TB Screenings for all new hires and maintain compliance and records for faculty. Administer yearly flu shots to faculty and staff.
    • Maintain Epi pen program including purchasing Epi pens, supplying all departments and campus with Epi pens; monitor inventory and expiration dates. 
    • Maintain AED equipment and training on both campuses, monitoring four machines monthly with AED Oversight Company. 
    • Complete student and employee accident reports and follow up as necessary.
    Additional Responsibilities:
    • Participate in Safety Committee meetings and serve as leader and/or first aid team member during an emergency as necessary.Attend team meetings and communicate with administration and school counselors regarding individual student health-related issues  
    • Staffing – schedule, interview, and approve payroll for part time nurses
    • Update nurse and substitute nurse manual. 
    • Order supplies for Nurse’s office and first aid boxes for both campuses. Prepare invoices for vendor payment 
    Required Qualifications: (Skills, experience, education/certification, etc.)
    • CA RN license required
    • 1-3 years’ experience in school nursing required
    Physical Demands:
    • Ability to lift twenty (20) pounds.
    • Moving, lifting or transferring of patients may involve lifting of up to fifty (50) pounds, as well as assist with weights of more than one-hundred (100) pounds.
    • Ability to stand for extended periods and ability to climb stairs.

    Please Submit Cover Letter, Resume and  employment application to Gilli Treiman, Head Nurse at: resumes@xrds.org click here to apply: Apply
  • Library Clerk - Part Time

    Position Overview
    The Paul F. Cummins Library supports the needs of over 800 Middle and Upper School students, faculty, and staff on the 21st Crossroads campus. The Library Clerk is a staff position primarily responsible for a range of Circulation Desk duties. The Library is typically open Monday-Friday 7:30-6:00pm, although later hours, closing shifts, and some weekends might be required.
    Essential Job Functions
    • Assisting, supporting, and supervising students;
    • opening or closing the library;
    • processing new books and shelving library materials as needed;
    • interacting with students and other members of the Crossroads community in a professional and friendly manner;
    • and some collection development and weeding as needed.
    Non-essential (Additional) Job Functions
    • Collaborating with library staff for special events and displays;
    • a desire to be involved and attend curricular and extra-curricular Crossroads School community activities such as sports, plays, concerts, and field trips;
    • and other duties as required of staff.
    Required Experience, Education, Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities
    • Associates degree plus 3-4 years experience working with students aged 11-18; bachelors degree with 1-2 years experience; or MLIS degree (finished or in process) with desire to work in a school setting;
    • ability to communicate and collaborate effectively;
    • and basic tech skills.
    Physical Demands
    • Ability to push/pull 40 pounds
    • Move/carry boxes
    • Climb stairs

    Please Submit Cover Letter, Resume and  employment application to Kayti Mathews Director of Learning Resources at resumes@xrds.org and click here to apply: Apply
  • Payroll Assistant

    Full time Hourly Position

    Report to:Primary reporting to Payroll Administrator
    General Responsibility: Assists the Payroll Administrator with a full range of payroll related duties.
    Duties consist of but are not limited to the following:
    • Assist employees with daily questions about their payroll, password and user name etc.
    • Assist Payroll Admin. with the processing of payroll of 400+ employees live checks and direct deposits for every bi-weekly payroll.
    • Assist managers and directors with hourly employee’s time cards, missed punches & days off request.
    • Responsible for adding new hourly employees.
    • Assist all US, MS and ES Directors for substitutes hours and worksheet.
    • Assist with Verification of Employment forms, Workers Comp employees’ Wages Statement and EDD Employee Medical Disability Insurance claim forms.
    • Assist with EDD audit forms.
    • Assist & enter new hires, employee changes and deductions and any adjustment in the payroll system
    • Organize over 500+ payroll & personal employees’ files.
    • Responsible for filling all Personnal Actions forms.
    • Assist with monthly payroll related invoices and statements.
    • Organize and maintain personal files.
    • Other duties as requested.
    • Must be good with numbers and very detailed oriented.
    • Some work in previous jobs of accounting, administrative or general office assistant is a plus
    • Must be able to maintain strict confidentiality.
    • Must be customer service oriented and have the ability to interface with a variety of people in all levels.
    • Must be have good communication skills both written and verbal.
    • Must be able to work in a fast-paced environment.
    • Ability to work both independently and in a team environment.  
    • Ability to prioritize and handle multiple projects and tasks.
    • Must be computer literate with knowledge of MS Office (Word, Excel, and Outlook). Knowledge of Paycom a plus.
    • Must be flexible, adaptable to change and willing to learn
    • Ok with overtime when needed.
    AA degree preferred. High school diploma or GED equivalent.

    Interested candidates please submit resume, cover letter and an application by email to: resume@xrds.org. Also Upload your resume and fill out an application here: Apply (NO PHONE CALLS PLEASE)

     OR fax to (310) 392-5678 attention Payroll Administrator.

    - Cover Letter expressing interest in the Crossroads School position
    - Current resume
  • Program Assistant K-5 Grade After School Program (Hang Out)

    Department:Auxiliary Services
    Status: Part Time 
    Reports To: Ashley Nissim, Hang Out Program Coordinator
    Schedule of Hours:Monday – Friday 2:00 p.m. – 6:00 p.m.
    Dates:October 2018 – June 2019
    The After School Program Assistant job entails supervising and interacting with children, grades K-5, in indoor and outdoor play environments and assisting with set-up and clean-up each day.  We are looking for fun, energetic individuals that enjoy working with children.  There are possibilities to work extended hours on early dismissal and pupil free days.  
    Job requirements:
    • Ability to interact well with children, parents, faculty, and staff 
    • Capability of listening carefully to others
    • Ability to manage large groups of children 
    • Able to demonstrate good judgment
    • Reliability
    • Good communication and verbal skills
    • Fluency in English
    • Friendly and energetic demeanor 
    • Attention to detail and follow through
    • Ability to lift up to 40 lbs.
    • Ability to lead sport related activities
    • Prior after school program experience in a K-5 school
    • Assistant teacher experience in a K-5 school
    • BA preferred 
    • Early childhood education a plus
    Interested candidates should email cover letter, employment and resume to
    Ashley Bloom at abloom@xrds.orgAlso Upload your resume and fill out an application here: Apply (NO PHONE CALLS PLEASE)
  • School Nurse PT

    Crossroads School for the Arts & Sciences, a progressive, independent, co-educational k-12 day school is looking for a part time school nurse to work 2 days per week and occasionally during special events that occur nights and weekends.
    Essential Job Functions include:
    Provide nursing care to students in the Health Center according to standing orders and utilize the nursing process for both acute and chronic conditions. 
    Proficient computer and word processing/Excel skills
    Communicate with parents regarding injuries, illnesses, other visits to the nurse as needed
    Administer daily and as needed and prescribed medications (inhalers, antibiotics, etc…)
    Communicate with administrators regarding student health/emotional concerns

    Current CA RN or LVN license
    Experience as a school nurse, or pediatrics in a physician or hospital setting.
    Please Submit Cover Letter, Resume and  employment application to Gilli Treiman, Head Nurse at: resumes@xrds.org click here to apply: Apply
  • Elementary School Substitute Teachers (2018-19 Academic Year)

    We are currently accepting applications for K-5 substitute teachers in general education and in specialty subjects (art, music, dance, drama, science, physical education, Spanish, and technology) for the 2018-19 academic year.
    Applicants must have a B.A. degree and experience teaching elementary school aged children.  
    Applicants should be responsible, well organized, flexible and able to substitute as NEEDED on the day of or night before the assignment. Additionally, applicants should have a mobile device and be confident in the use of the device for email and text communications. Applicants should be comfortable in all aspects of classroom management, be able to follow and implement lesson plans, and write a brief report to the teacher at the end of the day’s assignment.
    All interested applicants must apply online through this link: Apply and submit their resume/application.

    No phone calls or walk-ins please

How to Connect to Crossroads

In addition to current openings, we do keep resumes on file for future openings.
All inquiries should be submitted in writing (no phone calls, please) to the following, unless otherwise noted: 

Doug Thompson
Interim Assistant Head of School & Dean of Faculty
1714 21st Street 
Santa Monica, CA 90404
Fax: (310)-828-5636

Victoria Sztankovits
Director of Human Resources
1714 21st Street 
Santa Monica, CA 90404
Fax: (310)-828-5636
Middle and Upper School: 21st Street Campus | 1714 21st St., Santa Monica, CA 90404 | Phone: (310) 829-7391
Elementary School: Norton Campus | 1715 Olympic Blvd., Santa Monica, CA 90404 | Phone: (310) 828-1196
Crossroads School for Arts & Sciences provides a unique K-12 program built on a progressive, developmental model of education.